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/NOTE: From the site's update on 5.6.2006 onwards, this particular site will not be updated anymore. To be honest, I made few additional modifications on 6.6., 7.6., 8.6., 9.6., and 16.6., further on 13.7., 23.7., 23.8., and 26.9. in 2006, and finally on 14.1. in 2007 (which was the absolutely last update), but that was all just fixing old errors and formatting, and no new content was added. Optionally see the last "events-entry" on page "events7.html" (it's a short related announcement), and the first entry on the "events8.html" page (it describes all this in great details), however, the second one is located only on "still-updated" site-variants. Anyway, this notice applies to: Bravenet, Freehost386, Geocities, and Greatnow free-hosts (and from 14.1.2007 this includes also Atspace free-host), so for the current variant with the fresh content, please head on to one of these two main sites: 50webs, Voljatel, which are, as mentioned, the only ones still being updated.

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And this page contains important computing-related terms, definitions, information, but also short explanations (and only the short ones). Again, same as in other similar pages on my site (especially articles, hints, rules etc.), the page contains and will contain the "personal" ones (terms, definitions, info that I've wrote), as well as others that I've found browsing the web and reading articles written by others. But note, for the non-personal ones, they will at least contain modified text, i.e. the text that I wrote in my own words (and not just copied and pasted the text written by someone else), while usually the general point remains the same as in the original article. So here at the beginning, there are only few of the most commonly used computing-related terms and abbreviations, i.e. only those are listed, that I collected from various help-files, articles, MS knowledge-bases etc. Then there is a basic explanation of different "parts" that URL is built of. After that, there are only listed links to the most crucial explanations of computing terms on the same Explanation Guide Info homesite as that document above. So for the "real" list, rather see or download my old "terms.html" page: http://users.volja.net/tayiper/script/Unsorted-Terms.html with various other additional terms listed. And finally at the bottom there are other a bit longer explanations of various computing-related terms. These were also collected from various help-files, articles, knowledge-bases etc., and note that there is a note on information-source above each of them. Further, also check out the IT-Abbreviations.doc file: http://users.volja.net/tayiper/script/IT-Abbreviations.doc, which contains the "official" list of computing and IT abbreviations that I got on Wikipedia and Explanation Guide sites. Oh, and as an interesting discovery; I found out today (12.2.2006) on the NationMaster site: http://www.nationmaster.com that they link to my "terms.html" page here: http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/List-of-computing-and-IT-abbreviations, which finally links to page on the Factbites site: http://www.factbites.com, particularly to this page here: http://www.factbites.com/topics/List-of-computing-and-IT-abbreviations.


en.wikipedia.org: World Wide Web.html, Internet.html, IP address.html, Website.html, Webpage.html, MAC address.html, Hostname.html, Name server.html

explanation-guide.info: Computer.html, Computing.html, Personal-computer.html, Hardware.html, Computer-hardware.html, Processor.html, Central-processing-unit.html, Graphics-card.html, BIOS.html, Firmware.html, Device-driver.html

explanation-guide.info: Input.html, Output.html, Data.html, Cache.html, System.html, Object.html, Pointer.html, Buffer.html, Sequence.html, Subroutine.html, Instruction.html, Information.html, Variable.html, Context-switch.html, Program.html, Software.html, Computer-software.html, Computer-program.html, System-software.html, Application-software.html, Application.html

explanation-guide.info: Task.html, Thread.html, Process.html, Computer-process.html, Window.html, Icon.html, Application-Programming-Interface.html, Process-management.html, Memory-management.html, Program-loader.html, Debugger.html, Library.html, Computer-multitasking.html, Graphical-user-interface.html, Command-line-interpreter.html

explanation-guide.info: OS.html, operating system.html, Server.html, Workstation.html, MS-DOS.html, Microsoft-Windows.html, Linux.html, Unix.html, Mac-OS.html, Microsoft.html, Windows-API.html, Microsoft-Windows.html, Microsoft-Windows-NT.html, Microsoft-Windows-2000.html, Windows-XP.html, Windows-Server-2003.html


PIF = Program Information File

ASP = Application Service Provider

DDR = Double Data Rate

FAT = File Allocation Table

CGI = Common Gateway Interface

AGP = Accelerated Graphics Port

FPS = Frames Per Second

VPU = Visual Proccesing Unit

DTR = Data Terminal Ready

DND = Drag And Drop

CCP = Cut Copy And Paste

CLI = Command Line Interface

OEM = Original Equipment Manufacturer

OSD = On-Screen Display

MFC = Microsoft Foundation Classes

ATL = Advanced Template Library

OSF = Open Software Foundation

DCE = Distributed Computing Environment

DOS = Disk Operating System

MSN = MicroSoft Network

WMI = Windows Management Instrumentation

MDAC = Microsoft Data Access Components

EULA = End User License Agreement
URL = Uniform Resource Locator

MAC = Media Access Control

SVG = Scalable Vector Graphics

PDF = Portable Document Format

DNS = Domain Name System

UDP = User Datagram Protocol

DTD = Document Type Definition

XIF = XML Interchange Format

DOM = Document Object Model

RDF = Resource Description Framework

XML = Extensible Markup Language

ARP = Address Resolution Protocol

ISP = Internet Service Provider

NSP = Name Service Providers

LSP = Layered Service Providers

RAS = Remote Access Service

VPN = Virtual Private Network

RVA = Relative Virtual Address

IRC = Internet Relay Chat

BAM = Born Again Modularization

IMAP = Internet Message Access Protocol

XPCOM = Cross Platform Component Object Model

NGLayout = Next Generation Layout Engine
TIS = Tool Interface Standard

PMC = Project Management Committee

DDE = Dynamic Data Exchange (Server)

PDE = Plug-in Development Environment

JDT = Java Development Tools

JRE = Java Runtime Environment

DDK = Driver Development Kit

SDK = Software Developer Kit

IRQ = Interrupt Requests

HAL = Hardware Abstraction Layer

PCI = Peripheral Component Interconnect

IDE = Integrated Development Environment

IPC = Interprocess Communications

OCR = Optical Character Recognition

OLE = Object Linking and Embedding

CGA = Color Graphics Array

GUI = Graphical User Interface

GDI = Graphics Device Interface

CSE = Computer Science Engineering

BSOD = Blue Screen of Death

CD-R = Compact Disc-Recordable

CD-RW = Compact Disc-Rewritable

API = Application Programming Interface

HID = Human Interface Devices

CRC = Cyclic Redundancy Check

CMS = Contement Management System

COM = Component Object Model

ROT = Running Object Table

DDL = Dynamic Lynk Library

IAT = Import Address Table

CSV = Comma Separated Value

CVS = Concurrent Versioning System

RCM = Resource Configuration Management

ADO = ActiveX Data Object

FIFO = First In First Out

COFF = Common Object File Format

ACPI = Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

IDCT = Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform

SENS = System Event Notification Service

CMOS = Complementary Metal-oxide Semiconductor

IMAPI = Image Mastering Applications Programming Interface

SMART = Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology

RadASM = Rapid Application Development for Assembly

NetBIOS = Network Basic Input Output System


A typical URL looks like this (the example is link to Yahoo Help for the so-called AddressBook): http://help.yahoo.com/help/us/ab/index.html, and because you might want to block some parts of a domain (while allowing other parts of the same domain), you should understand what comprises an URL. Also note that the fully quallified domain name" (abbreviated FQDN) is: "subdomain.domainname.highleveldomain".


The application protocol used to make the connection. The most common protocol for browsing the Web is http. Your browser assumes this is the application protocol if you don't enter one. Other commonly used protocols include ftp, and gopher.


The root domain or top-level domain. There are several familiar root domains, including .com, .net, .edu, .org, .mil, and .gov. There are also two-letter root domains for most countries, such as .ca for Canada and .uk for United Kingdom.


www is generally known to be a so-called "subdomain".


Yahoo in this particular example is known to be a "second-level domain".


The Yahoo's domain name or so-called "root domain". This is the domain with which the browser establishes a connection. A domain frequently refers to a single company or organization that might have multiple websites on the Internet.


One of Yahoo's hosts/servers, similar to my.yahoo.com, geocities.yahoo.com or simply www.yahoo.com. This is the particular Web site with which the browser communicates. It is also the name for which DNS provides an IP address.


The folder or directory tree. It contains the file that is to be accessed; similar to the "/tayiper/script/" sub-folder on a host hosting my site's pages or to normal folder/directory on a local hard-disk.


The file. This is the file-name of the file that is to be accessed. It is also used as the "opening", i.e. default site's page.

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Disclaimer 1: The opinions expressed at my web site and in my files are mine, or belong to other individuals/entities where so specified. Each product or service is the trademark of their respective company. All the registered copyrights and trademarks ( and ) referred in this site retain the property of their respective owners. All information is provided as opinions only. Please, also see the "Disclaimer 2" on the page "about.html".

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The Internet Traffic Report monitors the flow of data around the world. It then displays a value between zero and 100. Higher values indicate faster and more reliable connections.